Advanced Flat Earth Theory

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #720 on: August 01, 2020, 07:49:34 AM »

The background shows a big sea strait. However, there is another aspect to the painting by Signorelli that has never been observed by any other researcher (including A. Fomenko): the presence of the Hagia Sophia.

There is no other known castle or building, other than the Hagia Sophia, which even remotely would resemble the depiction in the painting (the dome of Florence is not located next to a large sea strait).

"The blatant Romanesque motifs (of archway, Corinthian pillars, fallen column and marble altar) were added by the artist to signify where the Bible story depicted was truly composed. It was not in Judea or Galilee."

(earliest known photograph of Constantinople; the debate is still going on, whether it is a photograph or a painting)

The last painting even features a person who is wearing a turban.

All of the paintings depict a large sea strait. (Christ entering Constantinople) (Christ crucified next to a sea strait) (the issue with Troy II) (the issue with Troy I)

« Last Edit: August 01, 2020, 08:26:48 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #721 on: August 02, 2020, 01:18:40 AM »

Could the building in the background be castle Sant'Angelo?

Not while the rest of the painting features a large sea strait.

As we can see, there is a large body of water right next to shoreline: it is not the sea of Galilee, nor is it the Dead Sea (these seas also do not have large fortification walls built near them).

And it is not the Tiber river.

Almost the entire width of the background is taken up by a lake; a town and a fortified castle stand on its rocky shore. They are depicted with such precision as to suggest a definite locality, but the topographical details have never been identified with any known place. However, Lake Geneva suggests itself as one possibility, since the painter spent the greater part of his life in the Swiss countryside.

The topographical details have never been identified with any known place since no one had thought to compare them with the geography of the sea of Marmara/Bosphorus strait.

And it cannot be lake Geneva (no large, extended fortification walls).

It looks more like the strait of Bosphorus:

The castle of Chillon was built in the 18th century:

There is one other notable detail which must be taken into account: the Inquisition (official chronology of history). Had either Witz or Signorelli made public their respective paintings, they would have had to deal with the Inquisition the next day. Before they could have uttered a response, they would have been thrown in the dungeons; no other painter would have dared to depict a body of water next to the crucifixion site.

Dr. Anatoly Fomenko:

Incidentally it is interesting to look carefully at the representation of the crucifixion. It appears that in many paintings, icons and frescoes Christ’s crucifixion is shown with a background of either a big sea strait or a wide river. Besides the artists were painting in particular either a strait or a river, but by no means a sea. So, by depicting water, the opposite shore was always shown. As we understand it now, it could not have been otherwise, as the Beykoz mountain is situated right on the shore of the wide Bosphorus. From there can be seen very clearly the European shore of the strait, where the centre of Constantinople is situated.

Any artist, had a more or less accurate recollection of the original story, would have depicted the Bosphorus strait as a significant part of the landscape, which served as a backdrop to the site of Christ’s crucifixion.

Mount Beykoz, the place outside the walls of Constantinople, where Christ was crucified.

« Last Edit: August 02, 2020, 01:27:53 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #722 on: August 02, 2020, 06:54:20 AM »

The harbor and landscape of Constantinople.

Jerusalem quae in Bosphorus est possidebit civitates Austri.

Obadiah 1:20 "et transmigratio exercitus huius filiorum Israhel omnia Chananeorum usque ad Saraptham et transmigratio Hierusalem quae in Bosforo est possidebit civitates austri"

Jerome, author of translation of the Bible into Latin (the Vulgate) used the word Bosphorus in Obadiah 1:20.

Et transmigratio exercitus hujus Filiorum Izraelu omnia loca Chananæorum usque ad Sareptam: et transmigratio Jerozolima, quæ in Bosphoro est, possidebit civitates Austri.

The same word appears in one English translation as well ( Douay–Rheims), from 1610.

And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel, all the places of the Chanaanites even to Sarepta: and the captivity of Jerusalem that is in Bosphorus, shall possess the cities of the south.

In most later translations, the word ‘Bosphorus’ was replaced with ‘Sepharade’. It is supposedly a place of ‘uncertain location’.

Only two possible locations match the landscape:

Strait of Messina

(photograph of the strait of Bosphorus, taken in 1839)

Of course, only Constantinople had the large fortification walls.

« Last Edit: August 02, 2020, 06:56:28 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #723 on: August 03, 2020, 02:55:10 AM »

Numerous associates of the Pentagon program, with high security clearances and decades of involvement with official U.F.O. investigations, told us they were convinced such crashes have occurred, based on their access to classified information. But the retrieved materials themselves, and any data about them, are completely off-limits to anyone without clearances and a need to know.

We were provided a series of unclassified slides showing that the program took this seriously enough to include it in numerous briefings. One slide says one of the program’s tasks was to “arrange for access to data/reports/materials from crash retrievals of A.A.V.’s,” or advanced aerospace vehicles.

Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program – AATIP (cont.)

Twofold Nature of the Threat:

1. Current Threat: AAV phenomena of foreign derivation (including off-world), being globally deployed/tested, including in CONUS

2. Future Threat: Potential terrestrial adversaries achieving significant breakthroughs in the development of game-changing technologies based on evaluations of AAV phenomena from sensor data or crash/retrieved materials.

(This is an AATIP slide used over many years in many briefings for Congressional staff, aerospace executives, and DOD officials.)

"Eric W. Davis, an astrophysicist who worked as a subcontractor and then a consultant for the Pentagon U.F.O. program since 2007, said that, in some cases, examination of the materials had so far failed to determine their source and led him to conclude, “We couldn’t make it ourselves.”

Mr. Davis, who now works for Aerospace Corporation, a defense contractor, said he gave a classified briefing to a Defense Department agency as recently as March about retrievals from “off-world vehicles not made on this earth.”

Mr. Davis said he also gave classified briefings on retrievals of unexplained objects to staff members of the Senate Armed Services Committee on Oct. 21, 2019, and to staff members of the Senate Intelligence Committee two days later."

The image depicted on the Great Seal of the United States points to the year 2019 (November 2019, the transit of Mercury):

A big disclosure regarding alien technology (comparable to the events in the movie Contact (1997)) will take place no latter than 2022, perhaps as early as 2021.



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #724 on: August 10, 2020, 04:30:27 AM »

Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet wormholes

EGB wormhole model: dilaton and electrovacuum.

The EdGB is unstable.

The electrovacuum has huge issues with it as well.
The causality constraints of higher curvature models were studied, and it was shown in
particular that a theory such as EGB has to be supplemented with massive higher-spin fields in order to be free of causality problems. Causal structure of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) theory has also been studied in [29,30], where different notions closely connected to causality are studied in detail, such as the relation between Killing horizons and characteristic hypersurfaces, hyperbolicity in the near horizon regions.

Kaluza-Klein wormholes

Aether compactification of the Kaluza-Klein dimensions: (Planck plasma) (Kaluza-Klein particles, Planck ether, two consecutive messages)

Kaluza-Klein wormholes must use ether.

Conformal Weyl gravity wormholes

Weyl ether:

Palatini f(R,T) wormholes

Cartan wormholes

We also discuss wormhole throats in the presence of fully antisymmetric torsion and find that the energy condition violations cannot be dumped into the torsion degrees of freedom.

The Cartan torsion theory is a dynamical degenerate case of the more general Poincare gauge theory of gravity. The NEC would always have to be violated for such a specific torsion even in the more general Poincare gauge theory of gravity.

The resulting forces from the Einstein-Cartain torsion theory are some 27 orders of magnitude smaller than the gravitational effects of GR. Further, the EC theory applies to static field geometries around rotating objects.

Dynamical Ricci torsion is some 21 to 22 orders of magnitude larger than EC torsion.

Ricci flow wormholes

Spacetime foam = zero point energy = ether

Holographic Schwinger effect and the geometry of entanglement

Julian Sonner, a senior postdoc in MIT’s Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Center for Theoretical Physics, has published his results in the journal Physical Review Letters, where it appears together with a related paper by Kristan Jensen of the University of Victoria and Andreas Karch of the University of Washington.

The tangled web that is gravity

He found that what emerged was a wormhole connecting the two entangled quarks, implying that the creation of quarks simultaneously creates a wormhole. More fundamentally, he says, gravity itself may be a result of entanglement. What’s more, the universe’s geometry as described by classical gravity may be a consequence of entanglement—pairs of particles strung together by tunneling wormholes.

"We suggest that this constitutes a holographically dual realization of the creation of a Wheeler wormhole."

The Wheeler-Morris-Thorne model IS an Ellis wormhole.

The metric presented by Morris and Thorne already appears in 1973 in the work published by H.G. Ellis.

In fact, this model is called the Ellis-Bronnikov-Morris-Thorne wormhole model.

Negative energy = ether

The deepest connection between gravity and quantum entanglement:

“The universality of the gravitational interaction comes directly from the universality of entanglement- it is not possible to have stress-energy that doesn’t source the gravitational field because it is not possible to have degrees of freedom that don’t contribute to entanglement entropy.”

Universality of Gravity from Entanglement

« Last Edit: August 10, 2020, 04:33:38 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #725 on: August 15, 2020, 02:24:16 AM »

The calculation was carried out by Wolfgang Pauli, one of the greatest physicists of the 20th century.

"If the electromagnetic field would really have a non vanishing zero-point energy, 'the universe would not even reach to the moon'".

If the ether drift field (zero point energy, scalar waves) does exist, then the radius of curvature of the observable universe is 31 km.

C. P. Enz, A. Thellung : Nullpunktenergie und Anordnung
nicht vertauschbarer Faktoren im Hamiltonoperator ,
Helv. Phys. Acta 33, 839–848 (1960) pg 842

Earlier, I stated that the upper bound of the distance to Sirius is less than 50 km:

"If the electromagnetic field would really have a non vanishing zero-point energy, the radius of the universe would then be 31 km."

This is precisely what happens in reality.

The distance from the center of the flat surface of the Earth to the top of the second dome is 31 km.

« Last Edit: August 18, 2020, 08:52:38 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #726 on: August 19, 2020, 09:01:40 AM »

W. Pauli used the censored/modified Heaviside-Lorentz equations, NOT the original Maxwell ether equations:

Pauli writing the Maxwell equations in his ETH Zurich office in 1953.

NdG Tyson did the same thing:

However, much more could be accomplished using the original ether Maxwell equations, which invariant under Galilean transformations:



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #727 on: August 20, 2020, 02:59:21 AM »

There can be little doubt that the most significant event of the nineteenth century will be judged as Maxwell's discovery of the laws of electrodynamics.

Richard Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, vol 2

It is sometimes said, with no more than slight overstatement, that if you trace every line of modern physical research to its starting point you come back to Maxwell. Professor C. A. Coulson put it another way: 'There is scarcely a single topic that he touched upon which he did not change almost beyond recognition'.

Basil Mahon, The Man Who Changed Everything

Maxwell imagined that there is an incompressible fluid, of constant density, filling all of space. Faraday's lines of force were flows of this fluid, or flux.

He imagined that all of space is filled with tiny vortices, or spinning cells, the axis of each vortex being a tiny bar magnet with a North pole one end and a South pole the other.

    Suppose all space were filled by tiny close-packed spherical cells of very low but finite density, and that these cells could rotate. When a cell rotated, centrifugal force would make it tend to expand in the middle and contract along the spin axis, just as the earth's rotation causes it to expand at the equator and flatten at the poles. Each spinning cell would try to expand around the middle but its neighbours would press back, resisting the expansion. If all cells in a neighbourhood spun in the same direction, each would push outwards against the others: they would collectively exert a pressure at right angles to their axes of spin.
    Along the axes of spin the opposite would happen. The cells would be trying to contract in this direction and there would be a tension. So if the spin axes were aligned along the lines in space, these lines would behave like Faraday's lines of force, exerting an attraction along their length and a repulsion sideways. The faster the cells spun, the greater would be the attractive force along the lines and the repulsive force at right angles to them — in other words, the stronger the magnetic field.

Basil Mahon, The Man Who Changed Everything

To avoid the cells rubbing against one another, he tried putting even smaller spherical particles between the cells. They would act like ball bearings, or like the 'idle wheels' engineers put between two gear wheels which need to rotate in the same direction. The idea seemed crazy but James persevered and suddenly things began to fall into place. Suppose the little idle wheels were particles of electricity. In the presence of an electromotive force they would tend to move along the channels between the cells, constituting an electric current, and it would be this movement that set the cells spinning.
    But everyone knew that currents could flow only in substances which were conductors, like metals. In insulators like glass or mica, or in empty space, there could be no currents. So James proposed a second way in which the behaviour of the cells would be modified according to the type of substance which shared their space. In an insulator the cells, or perhaps local groups of cells, would hold on to their little particles so that they could rotate but not move bodily. But in a good conductor like a copper wire the particles could move bodily with very little restriction and a current would flow. In general, the lower the electrical resistance of the substance, the more freely the particles could move.
    An essential feature of James' little particles was that they had rolling contact with the cells — there was no sliding. Where the magnetic field was uniform the particles would just rotate, along with the cells. But if the particles in a conductor moved bodily without rotating, they would cause the cells on either side of the current to spin in opposite directions, exactly the condition to create a circular magnetic field around a current-carrying wire — effect 3. If the particles rotated and moved, the circular magnetic field due to their movement would be superimposed on the linear one due to their rotation.

Basil Mahon, The Man Who Changed Everything

According to our theory, the particles which form the partitions between the cells constitute the matter of electricity. The motion of these particles constitutes an electric current; the tangential force with which the particles are pressed by the matter of the cells is electromotive force, and the pressure of the particles on each other corresponds to the tension or potential of the electricity.

If we now explain the condition of a body with respect to the surrounding medium when it is said to be 'charged' with electricity, we shall have established a connexion between all the principal phenomena of electrical science.

James Clerk Maxwell, On Faraday's Lines of Force, 3, Cambridge Phil. Soc., 1861

James had shown how the electrical and magnetic forces which we experience could have their seat not in physical objects like magnets and wires but in energy stored in the space in and around bodies. Electrostatic energy was potential energy, like that of a spring; magnetic energy was rotational, like that in a flywheel, and both could exist in empty space. And these two forms of energy were immutably linked; a change in one was always accompanied by a change in the other. The model demonstrated how they acted together to produce all known electromagnetic phenomena.

. . . All materials that have elasticity transmit waves. James' all-pervading collection of cells was elastic, so it must be capable of carrying waves. In an insulating material, or in empty space, a twitch in one row of idle wheels would be transmitted via their parent cells to the surrounding rows of idle wheels, then to the rows surrounding them, and so on. Because the cells have inertia they would not transmit the motion instantly but only after a short delay — the twitch would spread out as a ripple. So any change in the electric field would send a wave through all space.
What is more, any twitch in a row of idle wheels would make the neighbouring cells turn a bit and so generate a twitch in the magnetic field along the cells' axes of spin. All changes in the electric field would therefore be accompanied by corresponding changes in the magnetic field, and vice versa. The waves would transmit changes in both fields; they were electromagnetic waves.

Basil Mahon, The Man Who Changed Everything

Maxwell’s Original Equations (dynamical Maxwell equations)

Now, let me prove that indeed in the calculation provided by W. Pauli, the radius of curvature is equal to the radius of the circular arc to the curve.

page 2: "radius of curvature"
page 3: W. Pauli's example, using the radius of curvature

page 6: "radius of the universe"
page 7: "radius of the Einstein universe"

page 3: "radius of curvature"
page 5: "radius of the Einstein universe"

Both terms refer/apply to equation (2) in the paper (page 3).

Radius of curvature = radius of the universe in W. Pauli's calculation.

The curve can extend greatly to the right and to the left of the vertex.

"If the electromagnetic field would really have a non vanishing zero-point energy, the radius of the universe would then be 31 km."

« Last Edit: August 20, 2020, 06:08:54 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #728 on: August 22, 2020, 09:29:10 AM »

Physical Phenomena Observed during Strong Electric Discharges into
Layered Y123 Superconducting Devices at 77 K

The propelling phenomenon we observed during these experiments seems to be tied with the inertia phenomenon acting upon very strongly accelerated electrons inside the device. However, the propelling emitter shows simultaneously an energetic behavior and diverse distant physical effects implying an interaction with an external source of energy.

More than 3500 discharges were recorded and analyzed from April 2007 to March 2011, with 130 different emitters.

The main physical effect observed was an upward propulsive momentum of the emitter, in the opposite direction to the flow of electrons. During all discharges in the layered emitter larger than 800 V, the mobile magnets of the linear alternator always jumped up.

The discharge circuit appears as a "closed system" that should not generate any external momentum. However, the reported experiments showed a huge momentum transfer and the emitter support was submitted to accelerations reaching up to ten thousands g's.

Gravity-Superconductors Interactions as a Possible Means
to Exchange Momentum with the Vacuum

Review of Poher experiment on fields produced by
electric discharges in a superconductor

A comparison between the YBCO discharge experiments by E. Podkletnov
and C. Poher, and their theoretical interpretations



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #729 on: August 27, 2020, 12:00:24 PM »

The icons on the desktop of a PC allow us to use the computer without being distracted by irrelevant details about its internal structure and operation. Similarly, our perceptions allow us to act adaptively in the world while being ignorant of its true structure. Space-time is our species-specific desktop and physical objects are icons on that desktop. Space-time and physical objects are not insights into objective reality, but species-specific adaptations that allow us to survive and reproduce. This requires a radical reformulation of our notion of the nature of objective reality, and of our notion of time. In light of the evolutionary results, I propose that consciousness, rather than space-time and physical objects, is fundamental. I propose a formal model of consciousness based on a mathematical structure called conscious agents. I then propose how time and space emerge from the interactions of conscious agents.

Fundamental physics started the 20th century with the twin revolutions of relativity and quantum mechanics, and much of the second half of the century was devoted to the construction of a theoretical structure unifying these radical ideas. Yet storm clouds are gathering, which point towards a new set of revolutions on the horizon in the 21st century. Space-time is doomed—how can it emerge from more primitive building blocks?

(N. Arkani-Hamed (IAS))

« Last Edit: August 27, 2020, 12:02:20 PM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #730 on: August 28, 2020, 03:19:26 AM »

Biology, however, has yet to experience its quantum shock. Biologists assume they have physics on their side, but physics isn't so sure. Contrary to popular belief, biologists only assume the operations of an organism are explicable according to causal mechanics. As Forgacs and Newman put it, "While it is obvious that nothing in development, or in any other domain of biology for that matter, can occur without the participation of physical mechanisms, the high degree of structural and dynamical complexity of most living systems makes it exceedingly difficult, in general, to follow the workings of basic physical principles or appreciate their roles." This becomes increasingly apparent with the emergence of complex structures such as immune, hormonal, circulatory, vascular and nervous systems.

In this paper, we introduce the basis for this new computing paradigm and its extensions such as quantum logic and entanglement in morphic computing, morphic systems and morphic system of systems (M-SOS).

Scientific investigations of consciousness that seek its biological basis typically assume that objects in space-time—such as neurons—exist even if unperceived, and have causal powers. I evaluate this assumption, using evolutionary games and genetic algorithms that study perceptual evolution, and find that it is almost surely false. Our perceptions of space-time and objects are a species-specific adaptation, not an insight into objective reality. In consequence, I propose a formal theory of consciousness—the theory of “conscious agents”—that takes consciousness to be fundamental, rather than derivative from objects in space-time. I use the theory of conscious agents to solve the combination problem of consciousness, both for the combination of subjects and of experiences. I show that entanglement follows as a consequence of the combination of conscious subjects. I then discuss the relationship of these findings to the account of entanglement given by quantum-Bayesian interpretations of quantum theory.

Controllable vs uncontrollable nonlocality: Is it possible to achieve superluminal communication?

Biological nonlocality: Evidence for entanglement at the animate level implying
controllable superluminal communication



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #731 on: August 29, 2020, 12:30:05 AM »

Spacetime is doomed. It, and its particles, cannot be fundamental in physical theory, but must emerge from a more fundamental theory. I review the converging evidence for this claim from physics and evolution, and then propose a new way to think of spacetime: as a data-compressing and error-correcting channel for information about fitness. I propose that a theory of conscious agents is a good candidate for the more fundamental theory to replace spacetime. Spacetime then appears as one kind of interface for communication between conscious agents.

Spacetime is doomed. There is no such thing as spacetime fundamentally in the actual underlying description of the laws of physics. That's very startling, because what physics is supposed to be about is describing things as they happen in space and time. So if there is no spacetime, it's not clear what physics is about.

Nima Arkani-Hamed (Cornell Messenger Lecture 2016)
Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton

« Last Edit: August 29, 2020, 12:35:06 AM by sandokhan »



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #732 on: September 01, 2020, 09:26:23 AM »

The electromagnetic vacuum is known to have energy. It has been recently argued that the quantum vacuum can possess momentum, that adds up to the momentum of matter. This “Casimir momentum” is closely related to the Casimir effect, in which case energy is exchanged. In previous theory it was treated semi-classically. We present a non-relativistic quantum theory for the linear momentum of electromagnetic zero-point fluctuations, considering an harmonic oscillator subjectto crossed, quasi-static magnetic and electric and coupled to the quantum vacuum. We derive a contribution of the quantum vacuum to the linear pseudo-momentum and give a new estimate for the achievable speed. Our analysis show that the effect exists and that it is finite.

Anomalous effects from dipole environment - quantum entanglement

In this work, we present our experimental and theoretical investigations concerning to the existence of anomalous forces on symmetrical and asymmetrical capacitors, operating in high voltage, and on magnetic cores operating in high magnetic fields.

The BB effect is one of the anomalous effects that can be explained in this context, that is, by an unique cause that we call generalized quantum entanglements. Some current papers have shown that BB effect remains in the vacuum conditions excluding the ionic wind such as the cause of the effect. In addition, other papers indicate that even experiments related to BB effect measurement with lifters in the air pressure cannot be explained according to the usual electromagnetic theory background. These facts reinforce our hypothesis related to an nonlocal interaction, considering a preexisting state of generalized quantum entanglement between all particles.

On the Anomalous Weight Losses of High Voltage Symmetrical Capacitors



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #733 on: September 10, 2020, 04:26:12 AM »

The lethal wave of influenza in 1918-19... was first detected on the same day in Boston and Bombay. Yet in spreading within the United States it took three weeks to go from Boston to New York. — Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe

On October 11 2019 a meteoritic bolide (probably fragment of a comet) explodes in a brief flash in Nth East China. We think it probable that this bolide contained embedded within it a monoculture of infective nCoV-2019 virus particles that survived in the interior of the incandescent meteor.

Also well documented is that, in the winter of 1918, the disease appeared suddenly in the frozen wastes of Alaska, in villages that had been isolated for several months. Mathematical modelling of epidemics such as the one described invariably involves the ad hoc introduction of many unproven hypotheses—for example, that of the superspreader. In situations where proven infectivity is limited only to close contacts, a super-spreader is someone who can, on occasion, simultaneously infect a large number of susceptible individuals, thus causing the sporadic emergence of new clusters of disease. The recognition of a possible vertical input of external origin is conspicuously missing in such explanations.

With respect to the SARS outbreak, a prima facie case for a possible space incidence can already be made. First, the virus is unexpectedly novel, and appeared without warning in mainland China. A small amount of the culprit virus introduced into the stratosphere could make a first tentative fall out East of the great mountain range of the Himalayas, where the stratosphere is thinnest, followed by sporadic deposits in neighbouring areas. If the virus is only minimally infective, as it seems to be, the subsequent course of its global progress will depend on stratospheric transport and mixing, leading to a fall out continuing seasonally over a few years. Although all reasonable attempts to contain the infective spread of SARS should be continued, we should remain vigilant for the appearance of new foci (unconnected with infective contacts or with China) almost anywhere on the plant. New cases might continue to appear until the stratospheric supply of the causative agent becomes exhausted.

From 2000:

Our expectation is that sooner or later a really bad situation, possibly similar to that in 1918/19, will arise. This seems inevitable so long as the Government's advisors continue to prefer medical dogma to taking a closer look at the facts. Which suggest to the point of certainty that what we get from the high atmosphere, be it a virus or a genetic trigger, is significantly more dangerous than anything we may catch from other people.

To take things a step further, the curve of Figure 1 is a plot of sunspot numbers throughout the past century. Sunspot numbers give a measure of high-energy activity at the sun's surface, the peak numbers corresponding with frequent solar flares and the emissions of charged particles that reach the Earth.

Such activity on the sun is known to result in geomagnetic storms, ionospheric disturbances that interfere with radio communications, and most spectacularly the production of bright auroral displays, the latter being caused by the streaming of charged particles from the sun moving along magnetic field lines that connect the sun and the Earth.

Peaks of solar activity will undoubtedly assist in the descent of charged molecular aggregates (including viruses) from the stratosphere to ground level. Thus according to our present point of view serious influenza epidemics would follow such peaks, provided the culprit molecular aggregates were recently dispersed in the stratosphere from cometary meteor streams. With a more or less regular occurrence of such meteor showers the limiting condition may then be seen as the intensity of solar activity, leading naturally to coincidences between the timings of pandemics or major epidemics and sunspot peaks.

On November 25th, 2019, Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe made the following stark warning, weeks before the coronavirus emerged.

On the basis of this data, there appears to be a prima facie case for expecting new viral strains to emerge over the coming months and so it would be prudent for Public Health Authorities the world over to be vigilant and prepared for any necessary action. We need hardly to be reminded that the spectre of the 1918 devastating influenza pandemic stares us in the face from across a century.

Chandra Wickramasinghe, Current Science, November 25, 2019

Comet Encke encounters with Mercury (both heavenly bodies are former satellites of Jupiter)

Etymology of the "typhoid" and "typhus" words (connection to typhon/mercury):

"Campester, as quoted by Lydus, was certain that should the comet Typhon again meet the earth, a four-day encounter would suffice to destroy the world."

Mercury/Typhon can activate the bosons of the subquark strings (ether) directly: earthquakes (10 on the Richter scale), hurricanes (700-1000 km/hr), and huge fires, at the end of a world age.

Covid-19 (SARS-Cov-2 - Mycobacterium avium) is connected to the 2016 Mercury solar transit/comet Encke periodic encounters in my opinion, as it takes a couple of years for the bacteria to reach the surface of the Earth from the stratosphere. The 2019 Mercury solar transit/comet Encke meteor showers relation to a future pandemic outbreak is yet to be determined. (2019 prediction, November)

See also:



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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #734 on: September 12, 2020, 05:21:55 AM »

"Astronomers and cosmologists have no issues with the ideas of dark matter and dark energy controlling the Universe, even though they still do not know what these things are made of or how they operate. But aliens – oh no, not that uncontrollable possibility."

Dr. Abraham Loeb
Harvard University

It turns out that the shape of Oumuamua must be discoidal.

"Here's the problem with 'Oumuamua: It moved like a comet, but didn't have the classic coma, or tail, of a comet, said astrophysicist Darryl Seligman, an author of the solid hydrogen hypothesis, who is starting a postdoctoral fellowship in astrophysics at the University of Chicago.

'Oumuamua was the first object ever seen flying into our solar system and back out again. That's opposed to most solar system objects that turn circles around the sun, never leaving the celestial neighborhood. Its journey and the fact that it was accelerating suggested 'Oumuamua, which is estimated to be about 1,300 to 2,600 feet (400 to 800 meters) long, was a comet. And yet, "there was no 'coma' or outgassing detected coming from the object," Seligman said. Normally, comets come from regions more distant from the sun than asteroids, and ice on their surface turns straight into gas as they approach the sun, leaving behind a trail of gas, or what we see as a beautiful comet tail, Seligman said.

That outgassing changes how the comet moves through space, he said. It's a bit like a very slow rocket engine: The sun strikes the comet, the warmest part of the comet bursts with gas, and that gas flowing away from the comet sends it tumbling faster and faster away from the sun.

In a paper published June 9 in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Seligman and Yale astrophysicist Gregory Laughlin proposed that the object was a comet made up partly or entirely of molecular hydrogen — lightweight molecules composed of two hydrogen atoms (H2).

H2 gas freezes into a puffy, low-density solid only when it's very cold — minus 434.45 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 259.14 degrees Celsius, or just 14.01 degrees above absolute zero) in Earth's atmosphere. Researchers had already proposed the existence of "hydrogen icebergs" out in the very cold reaches of space, Laughlin and Seligman wrote in the study. And outgassing hydrogen wouldn't be visible from Earth — meaning it wouldn't leave behind a visible comet tail.

The numbers worked out neatly; while a few other substances (like solid neon) could potentially explain the coma-free acceleration, hydrogen was the best match for the data.

Now, in a new paper published Monday (Aug. 17) in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Loeb and Thiem Hoang, an astrophysicist at the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, argue that the hydrogen hypothesis couldn't work in the real world — which would mean that there is still hope that our neck of space was once visited by advanced aliens — and that we actually spotted their presence at the time.

But in their new paper, Hoang and Loeb respond to this idea and argue that the hydrogen iceberg explanation has a basic problem: Comets form when icy grains of dust bump into each other in space and form clumps, and then those clumps attract more dust and other clumps. And comets are like snowmen: they survive only as long as they don't melt.

The stickiness that helps form comets is similar to the stickiness of ice cubes coming straight out of a cold freezer. Leave an ice cube on the counter for a minute or two, let its surface warm up a bit, and it won't feel sticky anymore. A thin film of liquid water on its surface makes it slippery.

Hoang and Loeb argued that even starlight in the coldest parts of space would warm up small chunks of solid hydrogen before they could clump together and form a comet of 'Oumuamua's large scale. And more importantly, the trek from the nearest "giant molecular cloud" — a dusty, gassy region of space where hydrogen icebergs are thought to form — is far too long. A hydrogen iceberg travelling hundreds of millions of years through interstellar space would have fallen apart, cooked by starlight.

Seligman said that Loeb's analysis was correct that no hydrogen comet would survive such a long trip."Hydrogen icebergs don't live that long in the galaxy.," he said. "And you definitely don't have time to get all the way from [the nearest] giant molecular cloud."

The theory only works if 'Oumuamua is just 40 million years old, he said. Over that time frame, outgassing could have molded the comet's oblong shape without destroying it entirely."

""Shortening the distance that that H2 iceberg needs to travel does not solve the problems we outline in our paper, because the H2 iceberg would have formed when its parent planetary system formed, billions of years ago,” and in those eons, the iceberg would have evaporated, he told Live Science in an email.

Loeb also said that hydrogen icebergs are expected to come from giant molecular clouds, not parts of space like Carina or Columba. And he reiterated that no hydrogen iceberg could survive the trek from the nearest giant molecular cloud.

Asked if there is a clear leading candidate explanation for 'Oumuamua's acceleration, Loeb referred Live Science to a not-yet-released book he authored called "Extraterrestrial: The First Sign of Intelligent Life Beyond Earth," due for publication in January."

"Using observations from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based observatories, an international team of scientists have confirmed Oumuamua, the first known interstellar object to travel through our solar system, got an unexpected boost in speed and shift in trajectory as it passed through the inner solar system last year.

“Our high-precision measurements of ′Oumuamua’s position revealed that there was something affecting its motion other than the gravitational forces of the Sun and planets," said Marco Micheli of ESA’s (European Space Agency) Space Situational Awareness Near-Earth Object Coordination Centre in Frascati, Italy, and lead author of a paper describing the team's findings."

However, the space object Oumuamua cannot be a comet (see part I).

And F. Whipple's outgassing theory (jets of gaseous material expelled from its surface), put forth for comet Encke, was published in order for mainstream astrophysics to save face: Encke had found that the comet’s orbital period was decreasing by about 2.5 hours every revolution and had showed that this behaviour could not be explained by gravitational perturbations (slight changes in an orbit) caused by the planets.

F. Whipple chose to disregard the clear data which proved that Encke is an electric comet.

Professor W. Stanley Jevons wrote in Nature, December 28, 1871:

“The observed regular diminution of period of Encke’s comet is still, I believe, an unexplained phenomenon for which it is necessary to invent a special hypothesis, a Deus ex machina, in the shape of an imaginary resisting medium... It is asserted by Mr. R. A. Proctor, Prof. Osborne Reynolds, and possibly others, that comets owe many of their peculiar phenomena to electric action... I merely point out that if the approach of a comet to the sun causes the development of electricity arising from the comet’s motion, a certain resistance is at once accounted for.”

Cometary charging

“It is possible, however, that there are also other, just as natural, ways of looking at the matter. It might be imagined that after great heating by direct insolation, the comet is charged negatively by cathode-rays from the sun, and that the charging reaches so high a potential that the comet discharges itself electrically, so to speak in the direction of its own shadow. These discharges may also be imagined to be due to some extent to an emission of secondary rays from the cosmic dust of the comet. I have been led to this thought by experimental analogies which will be described farther on. Answering to the idea that a comet is an accumulation of carbonaceous cosmic dust almost without atmosphere, I have carried out experiments in which the cathode in a vacuum-tube consisted of a carbonaceous material. The most recent investigations of the comet-spectrum seem to indicate that the radiation from a cornet may be compared to that from a cathode in a Crookes ‘ tube (DESLANDRES, FOWLER).”

“It would be natural, therefore, to compare the above-mentioned layers that were favorable to the development of comet ‘s tails with the pencils of the strongest and magnetically stiffest corpuscle-rays which we imagine to emanate from the region surrounding the sun-spots, and which, when they sweep past our earth, produce powerful magnetic disturbances. It may be that it is these very rays, with their abundance of energy, that can charge the comet mass to a high negative tension, and thus occasion the secondary electric discharge from the comet into space.
“One circumstance that speaks strongly in favour of a hypothesis such as this, is the greater development thought to have been found in years of sun-spot maxima than in years of sun-spot minima. This has been demonstrated, for instance, in Encke ‘s comet, by BERBERICH and BOSLER, the latter having given an exceedingly interesting graphic representation of this condition, which is reproduced here. The agreement, as will be seen, is so striking that it seems to leave little room for doubt that we here have phenomena that must be intimately connected with one another.”

Birkeland’s Fig. 230. Top curve, dotted: Comet brightness Bottom curve, solid: Number of sunspots. Original chart by M. J. Bosler (1909)

M. J. Bosler, “Sur les variations d’éclat de la comète d’Encke et la période des taches solaires” FULL TEXT (1909) Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des sciences, 1909 (T. 148). Chart: page 1740
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