# Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy

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#### rabinoz

• 26528
• Real Earth Believer
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #90 on: December 22, 2017, 03:47:00 AM »
No you should take it as you are too stupid to understand the process of elimination. What shapes can Eratosthenes's formula be used to measure ACCURATELY??? A circle.
What "process of elimination"? Who says that the earth could only be flat or spherical? Why could it not be very ellipsoidal?
Or even a cube:
Quote from: BY ROBERT LAMB
What if Earth were a cube?
Back in 1884, a Swiss astronomer by the name of Arndt made headlines when he claimed to have discovered a very curious planet in an orbit beyond Neptune -- a surprisingly cubical planet.

From: What if Earth were a cube?
Yes, I think it's ridiculous too, but some earthlings even believe the earth to be flat, honest!

But, you really are an ignorant little Martin aren't you?
You're probably playing hookey from your Martian School to come here and make a nuisance of yourself!
Just wait till I get onto your Mummy Martian and tell her what you've been up to!

Now, down to business:
Please explain how measuring the shadow angles at only two points could tell between:
• a circle,
• an ellipse,
• a parabola or
• a hyperbola.
Eratosthenes knew that the earth was a Globe, so all he was doing was measuring its circumference.

But, just suppose (hypothetically of course) that these modern flat earthers are right and what Eratosthenes actually measured was the different shadow angles due to a comparatively close sun, as in:
The distance and angles in the above diagram could be from a flat earth with a sun about 5000 km high or from a Globe earth of circumference 40,000 miles in circumference.

Old Eratosthenes, of course, measured the angles in Alexandria and Syene (Aswan), only about 800 miles apart.

Without further information the Eratosthenes experiment cannot tell you whether the earth is curved or flat and cannot even tell what type of curve.

By the way, this video you posted:

How Do You Calculate Circumference? (Mr. Wizard)
does not replicate Eratosthenes measurement. I'll let Mr Smarty-Pants, Marvin the Martian work out why!

#### EvolvedMantisShrimp

• 927
• Physical Comedian
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #91 on: December 22, 2017, 04:39:28 AM »
You are correct that when Eratosthenes performed that experiment, he already took two previous observations as facts: that the Earth was a sphere and that the sun was very far away; far away where it's rays would be virtually parallel.

Setting aside the first of those, let's focus on the second. What previous observations could Eratosthenes and his contemporaries have made that would have brought them to that conclusion? The answer lies in altitude. Suppose you measure the angle of the shadow of a stick in the ground when the shadow is perfectly parallel with the stick. Suppose another person is doing the same at the same time miles up on the side of a mountain. The difference between those angles ought to be small but measurable if the sun is nearby. But if the angles are identical, then it is evidence that the sun is very far away.

It is that kind of observation that led to treating the rays of the sun as originating from very far away.
Nullius in Verba

#### rabinoz

• 26528
• Real Earth Believer
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #92 on: December 22, 2017, 05:13:41 AM »
You are correct that when Eratosthenes performed that experiment, he already took two previous observations as facts: that the Earth was a sphere and that the sun was very far away; far away where it's rays would be virtually parallel.

Setting aside the first of those, let's focus on the second. What previous observations could Eratosthenes and his contemporaries have made that would have brought them to that conclusion? The answer lies in altitude. Suppose you measure the angle of the shadow of a stick in the ground when the shadow is perfectly parallel with the stick. Suppose another person is doing the same at the same time miles up on the side of a mountain. The difference between those angles ought to be small but measurable if the sun is nearby. But if the angles are identical, then it is evidence that the sun is very far away.
But how do you ascertain that the local verticals are parallel or not?
The difference in angles could be due either to the local verticals diverging, as on the Globe or due to a nearby sun.
Some independent evidence of the distance to the sun is necessary.

Measuring the angles from more the two points can provide that evidence, as I have tried to point out in numerous posts.
For example, Re: trigonometry « Reply #43 on: December 09, 2017, 08:47:55 PM »

Quote from: EvolvedMantisShrimp
It is that kind of observation that led to treating the rays of the sun as originating from very far away.
I believe the first evidence of the sun and moon being great distances away came from the fact that neither the sun nor the moon change in apparent size as they appear to move across the sky.

#### EvolvedMantisShrimp

• 927
• Physical Comedian
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #93 on: December 22, 2017, 05:15:58 AM »
You are correct that when Eratosthenes performed that experiment, he already took two previous observations as facts: that the Earth was a sphere and that the sun was very far away; far away where it's rays would be virtually parallel.

Setting aside the first of those, let's focus on the second. What previous observations could Eratosthenes and his contemporaries have made that would have brought them to that conclusion? The answer lies in altitude. Suppose you measure the angle of the shadow of a stick in the ground when the shadow is perfectly parallel with the stick. Suppose another person is doing the same at the same time miles up on the side of a mountain. The difference between those angles ought to be small but measurable if the sun is nearby. But if the angles are identical, then it is evidence that the sun is very far away.
But how do you ascertain that the local verticals are parallel or not?
The difference in angles could be due either to the local verticals diverging, as on the Globe or due to a nearby sun.
Some independent evidence of the distance to the sun is necessary.

Measuring the angles from more the two points can provide that evidence, as I have tried to point out in numerous posts.
For example, Re: trigonometry « Reply #43 on: December 09, 2017, 08:47:55 PM »

Quote from: EvolvedMantisShrimp
It is that kind of observation that led to treating the rays of the sun as originating from very far away.
I believe the first evidence of the sun and moon being great distances away came from the fact that neither the sun nor the moon change in apparent size as they appear to move across the sky.

That's more strong evidence.
Nullius in Verba

#### Marvin the Martian

• 203
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #94 on: December 22, 2017, 10:17:48 AM »
No you should take it as you are too stupid to understand the process of elimination. What shapes can Eratosthenes's formula be used to measure ACCURATELY??? A circle.
What "process of elimination"? Who says that the earth could only be flat or spherical? Why could it not be very ellipsoidal?
Or even a cube:
Quote from: BY ROBERT LAMB
What if Earth were a cube?
Back in 1884, a Swiss astronomer by the name of Arndt made headlines when he claimed to have discovered a very curious planet in an orbit beyond Neptune -- a surprisingly cubical planet.

From: What if Earth were a cube?
Yes, I think it's ridiculous too, but some earthlings even believe the earth to be flat, honest!

But, you really are an ignorant little Martin aren't you?
You're probably playing hookey from your Martian School to come here and make a nuisance of yourself!
Just wait till I get onto your Mummy Martian and tell her what you've been up to!

Now, down to business:
Please explain how measuring the shadow angles at only two points could tell between:
• a circle,
• an ellipse,
• a parabola or
• a hyperbola.
Eratosthenes knew that the earth was a Globe, so all he was doing was measuring its circumference.

But, just suppose (hypothetically of course) that these modern flat earthers are right and what Eratosthenes actually measured was the different shadow angles due to a comparatively close sun, as in:
The distance and angles in the above diagram could be from a flat earth with a sun about 5000 km high or from a Globe earth of circumference 40,000 miles in circumference.

Old Eratosthenes, of course, measured the angles in Alexandria and Syene (Aswan), only about 800 miles apart.

Without further information the Eratosthenes experiment cannot tell you whether the earth is curved or flat and cannot even tell what type of curve.

By the way, this video you posted:

How Do You Calculate Circumference? (Mr. Wizard)
does not replicate Eratosthenes measurement. I'll let Mr Smarty-Pants, Marvin the Martian work out why!

Funny thing is Mr Wizard credits Eratosthenes for the formula in the video... So how do you figure it does not replicate it? One stick is directly under the Sun and they accurately measure circumference of the table.

The shadow angle tells the direction and angle of the Sunlight dumbass not the shape. Ever heard of a Sundial??? A shadow reacts differently on different shapes. The angle of illumination and the shape of an object affects the shape and size of a shadow.

The Earth won't be 'round much longer...
No, it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis.

#### Marvin the Martian

• 203
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #95 on: December 22, 2017, 10:47:56 AM »
No, I base my argument on the fact that you do not have enough data to solve for all variables.

No, you based your argument on the same FET theory you refuted back in the beginning of the thread. Let's look at how many times you contradicted yourself... We see who the liar is now...

And I quote...
1. "It is entirely consistent with a FE... Notice how that matches a RE, but not a FE"
2. "It starts with the assumption that Earth is flat... it relies upon the assumption that Earth is round"
3. "You clearly see FE does not match, a RE with a distant sun does... The experiment is unable to tell the difference between a near sun over a flat Earth and a distant sun away from a round Earth"

I have only said that that experiment (i.e. without any other data) can't be used to prove Earth is round. It is entirely consistent with a FE as well.

Yes, 2 sticks are used to demonstrate his experiment. But when just using 2 you rely upon the assumption that Earth is round and the sun is far away. The experiment itself works equally well when assuming a flat Earth with a close sun. As such, it does not prove a round Earth or prove FE inaccurate.

The same measurements can be used to show the height of the sun over a FE. It is only by assuming a spherical Earth and distant sun that you determine the circumference.
The experiment is unable to tell the difference between a near sun over a flat Earth and a distant sun away from a round Earth
Again, the same experiment can determine the height of the sun above a FE.

Unfortunately for the OP, trigonometry actually shows us a flat earth.
No it doesn't.
The trigonometry used in your pathetic image can't distinguish between them.
The image on the left does not show it to scale as it does not show the sun 150 000 000 km away.
However, the results obtained from reality do match that 150 000 000 km distant sun and a round Earth.

The right hand side just blatantly lies.
It starts with the assumption that Earth is flat.

So no, using just those 3 points, even with the distance between them, you cannot determine the shape of Earth.

But the really killer is that it also completely ignores other points. (i.e. other locations where you can observe the apparent location of the sun).
These are points that are needed to be able to actually determine the shape.
At the poles the sun is observed at 0 degrees then.
Notice how that matches a RE, but not a FE.
you clearly see FE does not match, a RE with a distant sun does.

The sun was over the well. That does not change between the FE and RE models.
And no one has ever been able to duplicate his experiment and prove a round Earth, as it relies upon the assumption that Earth is round to determine the circumference of Earth.
The Earth won't be 'round much longer...
No, it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis.

#### Marvin the Martian

• 203
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #96 on: December 22, 2017, 10:53:10 AM »
By the way... Have a look at my sig! thanks for that gold nugget of "wisdom/failure" haha!!!
You mean more of your pathetic dishonesty?

Actually that's more of your pathetic dishonesty... Care to expand on what you meant by "it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis"

Clearly you claim Earth's orbit around the Sun has no axis, then in the same post you claim objects spin on an axis... So which is it???
The Earth won't be 'round much longer...
No, it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis.

#### JackBlack

• 17252
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #97 on: December 22, 2017, 12:12:53 PM »
You are correct that when Eratosthenes performed that experiment, he already took two previous observations as facts: that the Earth was a sphere and that the sun was very far away; far away where it's rays would be virtually parallel.

Setting aside the first of those, let's focus on the second. What previous observations could Eratosthenes and his contemporaries have made that would have brought them to that conclusion? The answer lies in altitude. Suppose you measure the angle of the shadow of a stick in the ground when the shadow is perfectly parallel with the stick. Suppose another person is doing the same at the same time miles up on the side of a mountain. The difference between those angles ought to be small but measurable if the sun is nearby. But if the angles are identical, then it is evidence that the sun is very far away.

It is that kind of observation that led to treating the rays of the sun as originating from very far away.
I don't think they would have had the precision for that. There are other options such as noting the sun rises due east for everyone on the equinox (which I'm not sure if they would have been able to do), or noting that the apparent size remains fairly constant.

#### Marvin the Martian

• 203
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #98 on: December 22, 2017, 12:21:25 PM »
You are correct that when Eratosthenes performed that experiment, he already took two previous observations as facts: that the Earth was a sphere and that the sun was very far away; far away where it's rays would be virtually parallel.

Setting aside the first of those, let's focus on the second. What previous observations could Eratosthenes and his contemporaries have made that would have brought them to that conclusion? The answer lies in altitude. Suppose you measure the angle of the shadow of a stick in the ground when the shadow is perfectly parallel with the stick. Suppose another person is doing the same at the same time miles up on the side of a mountain. The difference between those angles ought to be small but measurable if the sun is nearby. But if the angles are identical, then it is evidence that the sun is very far away.

It is that kind of observation that led to treating the rays of the sun as originating from very far away.
I don't think they would have had the precision for that. There are other options such as noting the sun rises due east for everyone on the equinox (which I'm not sure if they would have been able to do), or noting that the apparent size remains fairly constant.

So what you are saying is you have no answer or explanation for your direct undeniable contradiction...

By the way... Have a look at my sig! thanks for that gold nugget of "wisdom/failure" haha!!!
You mean more of your pathetic dishonesty?

Actually that's more of your pathetic dishonesty... Care to expand on what you meant by "it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis"

Clearly you claim Earth's orbit around the Sun has no axis, then in the same post you claim objects spin on an axis... So which is it???
The Earth won't be 'round much longer...
No, it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis.

#### JackBlack

• 17252
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #99 on: December 22, 2017, 12:22:28 PM »
Funny thing is Mr Wizard credits Eratosthenes for the formula in the video... So how do you figure it does not replicate it? One stick is directly under the Sun and they accurately measure circumference of the table.
And there you go ignoring the point, YET AGAIN.

Yes, the formula can be used to determine the circumference of a circularly symmetric object, including Earth assuming Earth is a sphere and the sun is distant.
But that does not prove Earth is a sphere.
The same formula can also be used by measuring the angle of a shadow cast by a stick on a table sitting under a light in a house and used to determine the circumference of the table, but in this case it doesn't work as the light is too close and the table surface is flat.

Having a formula doesn't mean you prove the result.

The shadow angle tells the direction and angle of the Sunlight dumbass not the shape.
Yes, that is right. It tells you were the sun is, not the shape of Earth.
Yet you claimed it proved Earth is round.

No, I base my argument on the fact that you do not have enough data to solve for all variables.
No, you based your argument on the same FET theory you refuted back in the beginning of the thread.
And there you go lying yet again.
I already stated what I based my argument on; the simple fact that 2 points does not give enough data to provide a unique solution.

Let's look at how many times you contradicted yourself... We see who the liar is now...
You mean let's dishonestly take my posts out of context to pretend there is a contradiction. So you are still the liar here, and this is just another pathetic deflection, so lets not.
Instead, lest focus on your claim the these measurements prove Earth is round.
Can you back up that lie at all?

Actually that's more of your pathetic dishonesty... Care to expand on what you meant by "it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis"
No, I explained it enough in the other thread.
It isn't my dishonesty at all, it is just another pathetic distraction to try and avoid your massive fuck up.

Now can you show how this simple experiment with 2 observations of the sun angle, one directly overhead and one at some angle, as well as the distance between them, show that Earth is round?

#### Marvin the Martian

• 203
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #100 on: December 22, 2017, 12:33:20 PM »
You haven't explained shit... Does Earth's orbit have an axis or not??? Because you said it doesn't then said it does... Which is it???

You also told me Eratosthenes supports FET but told John Davis it does not...

What about claiming a line is 2D than denying you did so??? Where is your explanation for that??? Quoted you out of context?? Even though it's your own words proving you wrong. You contradict yourself to such an extent your own statements can be refuted with your own statements.

You lose troll I exposed your dishonesty numerous times now...
The Earth won't be 'round much longer...
No, it spins on its axis and orbits the sun. The 2 are fundamentally different... Because when an object spins, it does so about its axis.

#### rabinoz

• 26528
• Real Earth Believer
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #101 on: December 22, 2017, 01:22:54 PM »
<< Irrelevant ravings of Marvin the Moronic Martian expunged >>
How about debating actual issues, like Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy, instead of proving what obnoxious little Martian you are.

Are all Martians as bad as you are, or are you an escapee from the Martian Mental Menagerie?

If other Martians are anything like you, we'll have to get Trump to erect a huge wall between us and Mars.
Though Trump would probably rather nuke that little light in the sky that we call Mars, just to show those pesky North Koreans that he can do it.

So, Mr Marvin the Moronic Martian, just watch how you behave in future!

#### JackBlack

• 17252
##### Re: Why "it looks flat so it is flat" is a logical fallacy
« Reply #102 on: December 22, 2017, 01:26:57 PM »
You haven't explained shit
I have explained your questions, not stop with the pathetic distractions. Deal with the topic at hand.

You also told me Eratosthenes supports FET but told John Davis it does not...
I said it is unable to tell the difference.
I told you that it does not prove Earth is round.

Rather than back up your claims you continually go off on pathetic tangents.

Explain how it proves Earth is round, or shut up.