Christine Garwood

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17 November

  • Flat Earth Believer
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Christine Garwood
« on: August 08, 2010, 03:44:14 AM »
Flat Earth:  The History of an Infamous Idea
By Christine Garwood

The history of the flat earth movement during the previous 175 years is the main focus of Christine Garwood's book, and she apparently obtained a great deal of her knowledge of it from Robert Schadewald who probably knew more details than even Charles Johnson.

Aside from the fact that Christine Garwood shows her enmity to the flat earth movement in the title of her book, the biggest problem with Christine Garwood's book is that it implies belief in a flat earth was a rarity in the early Church, and did not really begin to spread until the time of Samuel Rowbotham.  This idea is false because belief in a flat earth was so dominant in the early Church that according to Henry Bettenson (the knoweldgeable author of the introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Augustine's City of God), the influence of Christian philosophy caused flat earth belief to become prevalent in Roman society during the third century after Christ.  In other words, most Romans believed the earth was flat before Constantine I became emperor, and Christian philosophy powerfully resuscitated flat earth cosmography which is the most ancient and dignified cosmography of every civilization in the world.  Christian cosmology replete with the account of the Noahic flood deluging the entire world was originally a flat earth cosmology.  The earliest and most ancient Christian world maps are rectangular solids depicting the universe in the shape of a house with the flat earth as its first floor.

Christine Garwood only mentions Cosmas Indicopleustes briefly.  She wrongly asserts that flat earth statements by writers such as he and Saint John Chrysostom were exceptional in the early Church.  This is a falsehood because it was widespread.  It is commonly acknowledged that Cosmas's maps were the original model of most Christian and european mapmaking for all of the middle ages and well into the renaissance.  Christine Garwood minimizes and ignores references made by Cosmas to specific passages in the writings of several Church Fathers (well annotated in the McCrindle translation).

She also totally ignores another list compiled by Professor Raymond Beazeley in his ten page description of Cosmas's flat earth cosmology in the 'Dawn of Modern Geography Volume One' of well annotated and specific statements by Church Fathers and ecclesiastical who asserted or indicated that the earth is flat.

Garwood apparently makes statements about the early Church without having knowing hardly anything about it because she got information from others without double checking its veracity.  She indicates that Saint John Chrysostom is a rare saint!  Yet he is the most published writer in the history of the Orthodox Church.  For this reason, conclusions which Christine Garwood makes about the early Church as well as flat earth history prior to Rowbotham should be subject to suspicion.