Advanced Flat Earth Theory

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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #630 on: August 11, 2019, 12:57:03 AM »
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE THEORETICAL PREDICTION AND ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS OF GR EFFECTS

General Relativity Problem of Mercury’s Perihelion Advance Revisited

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1008.1811.pdf

There is a firm consensus among astronomy and physics communities, mass media as well, that the perihelion advance test is the accomplished task. We think, however, that physical reality is more complicated, and the above precision numbers for physicists must seem to be to a great extent fictitious.

Now we state that the Mercury’s relativistic effect has never been directly observed and even not evaluated from circumstantial astronomical evidence. The matter is that the GR theory, at least as it given in literature, does not provide a clue about distinguishing between the classical drag along with the equinoxes precession, on the one hand, and relativistic effect, on the other hand.

Thus, the claimed formula for the perihelion advance 3rg/r0 is a result of inappropriate mathematical assumption in the equation solution, therefore, the prediction is not valid.

As it seen, both earlier and this evaluation has nothing to do with the above discussed GR framework. Einstein, when working on the perihelion advance problem in 1915, had to be aware of the space-time symmetries, from which the equations of motion (18) and the trajectory for both the particle and the photon were deduced (19), (26). However, his derivation of the light deflection in 1916 was made in the ad hoc approach, outside the above GR framework. The effect about 1.7′′ of deflection was confirmed in a series of observations of total eclipses of the Sun’s, but this confirmation was made against the logic of GR physical foundations rather than in accordance with that. This circumstance remained largely unnoticed (or thought excusable?) in the GR history.

The GR description of the perihelion advance is given in such a form that the effect cannot be discriminated from the huge fluctuating background of classically induced precession. Consequently, astronomers had to identify the effect as a difference of big fluctuating numbers in observed and calculated ephemerides values. As emphasized, they tried “to fit” theoretical ephemerides to the exactly predicted number. This methodology and the corresponding results cannot be termed an observational test.
Rigor of the effect prediction is in a serious doubt. The Einstein’s “approximate” solution, when put back into the original equation, does not fit the equation to the precision better than the effect value. The GR-term, which is thought to be the cause of both the perihelion advance effect and the light bending effect, has no physical sense, as shown by Fock and in our work. The Fock’s work also shows that the equation of light propagation in a vicinity of massive object must have the linear (potential) term instead of the GR-term.

Overall, we conclude that the claimed confirmation of the GR prediction of the relativistic perihelion advance is neither theoretically nor empirically substantiated.


Dr. C.Y. Lo
PhD Mathematics, Queen's University
PhD Physics, MIT

In Newtonian gravity, the two-body problem has a well-defined compact analytic solution. However, in general relativity, the problem is recognized that it cannot be solved analytically. However, many believed that the two-body problem could be solved in the perturbation approach. Their confidence is based on that the linearized Einstein equation has a bounded dynamic solution.

For the dynamic case when gravitational waves are involved, it has been proven in 1995 that the Einstein equation does not have any bounded dynamic solution. This has far reaching consequences.

Thus, Einstein is wrong in claiming his calculation of the perihelion of Mercury is valid, but Gullstrand, Chairman (1922-1929) of the Nobel Prize Committee for Physics is right who suspected that Einstein‘s calculation is invalid because it cannot be derived from the approach of a solution for many-body problems.

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b505/e829279c6b69556fb37f9e8d90efec2881cf.pdf?_ga=2.108983489.2136939065.1565472133-1824092360.1565472133

Comments on Errors of “A simplified two-body problem in general relativity” by S Hod And Rectification of General Relativity


How Einstein modified his formula relating to Mercury's orbit in order to fit the results:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg769750#msg769750


TGR applies only to the radial component of Newton's equation: F = mg. It cannot capture the gravitational potential term.

Moreover, it cannot be applied to the planetary system, or to calculations pertaining to other galaxies: one has to first prove that the Earth does revolve around its own axis and that it does orbit the Sun. Without these proofs, applying TGR to the aforementioned situations is meaningless.

Dark flow defies TGR on a grand cosmic scale:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1936995#msg1936995


"Maxwell showed in one of his papers that mass can be expressed as length3/time2 ( L3/T2), and if we do that then G loses most of its mystery. G loses all its dimensions."

Article 5 [chapter 1] of Maxwell's Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism

The first physicist to notice this fact was M. Mathis in 2007.

Question: how could Newton possibly have known that mass can be expressed as L3/T2 in order to mask the fact that G is actually dimensionless?


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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #631 on: August 11, 2019, 04:11:15 AM »
GERTSENSHTEIN-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT: GRAVITON-PHOTON CONVERSION

The transformation of an electromagnetic wave into a gravitational wave when the electromagnetic wave propagates through a constant transverse magnetic field.

Inverse GZ effect: the birth of an electromagnetic field under the action of metric perturbation (equivalent of GW action) in the strong magnetic field.

The generated EM wave is a second-order effect (proportional to the square of the amplitude of the GW).



Wave resonance of light and gravitational waves

http://www.jetp.ac.ru/cgi-bin/dn/e_014_01_0084.pdf


Electromagnetic and gravitational waves in a stationary magnetic field

http://jetp.ac.ru/cgi-bin/dn/e_038_04_0652.pdf


Gravitational Hertz experiment with electromagnetic radiation in a strong magnetic field

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1504/1504.06548.pdf


“Since it has definite energy, the gravitational wave is itself is the source of some additional gravitational field (static g-field). Like the energy producing it, this field is a second-order effect in the hik. But in the case of high-frequency gravitational waves the effect is significantly strengthened: the fact that the pseudotensor tik is quadratic in the derivatives of the hik introduces the large factor λ-2. In such a case we may say that the wave itself produces the background field (static g-field) on which it propagates. This [static g] field is conveniently treated by carrying out the averaging described above over regions of four-space with dimensions large compared to λ. Such an averaging smooths out the short-wave “ripple” and leaves the slowly varying background metric (static g-field).”

Landau, L. D. and Lifshitz, E. M. (1975), The Classical Theory of Fields


Field Equations in the Complex Quaternion Spaces

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1504.06182.pdf


Light passing through a strong magnetic field will produce a gravitational wave via wave resonance.

But this is exactly the physical description of the double torsion subquark waves:



https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2000525#msg2000525 (electrogravitational field of a stationary Earth)

There is a flow of bosons through POSITRON WAVES (LAEVOROTATORY SUBQUARKS), and also a current of bosons through  ELECTRON WAVES (DEXTROROTATORY SUBQUARKS).

The electrogravitational field has magnetic waves AND ALSO gravitational waves.

This is the missing part of the unified field theory.

E.T. Whittaker proved mathematically the existence of the electrogravitational potential, the bidirectional longitudinal waves.

They travel/propagate in double torsion fashion.

No physicist to date has observed this crucial fact: the magnetic wave and the gravitational wave form a single structure, the electrogravitational field. The gravitational potential consists of bosons which flow through dextrorotatory subquarks (electrons), and the electromagnetic potential is made up of bosons which propagate through laevorotatory subquarks (positrons).



This is how the Gertsenshtein-Zel'dovich effect is being generated.


However, there is a crucial difference between the two cases being considered here: FE and RE.

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2009680#msg2009680

RE version:

The magnetic field does rotate along with the Earth.

But not its gravitational field: the orbiting Earth rotates through its gravitational field.

Modern science assumes that the gravitational field and the magnetic field of the Earth represent two different physical phenomena: one is stationary ( the gravitational field does not rotate along with the supposed rotation of the Earth), the other one (the magnetic field) is rotating with the Earth around its own axis.

FE version:

BOTH GW and EW propagate in double torsion fashion, one is the dextrorotatory wave, and the other one is the laevorotatory wave.


The graviton is the dextrorotatory subquark.

The antigraviton is the laevorotatory subquark.

These subquarks consist of some 14 billion bosons which travel, as well, in double torsion fashion, the longitudinal sound waves discovered by Tesla.

A boson = photon = neutrino = Kaluza-Klein particle


https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1b42/edd83745a7e36b7b3c0fcec7bc2b4bcd7609.pdf?_ga=2.232273180.2056670500.1565448278-1308616368.1565448278

Identifying a Kaluza Klein Treatment of a Graviton Permitting a Deceleration Parameter
q(z) as an Alternative to Standard DE


The Kaluza-Klein particle is the boson:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1920865#msg1920865

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1921372#msg1921372


Particle production in a gravitational wave background

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.02973.pdf

« Last Edit: August 11, 2019, 04:13:34 AM by sandokhan »

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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #632 on: August 12, 2019, 12:44:16 AM »
LI EFFECT: GRAVITON-PHOTON CONVERSION II

"EM photons having the same frequency and direction as the GWs and suitable phase matching as the GWs, interact directly with GWs in a magnetic field and produce “detection” EM photons that signal the presence of relic HFGWs (high frequency gravitational waves).

The number of EM photons is proportional to the amplitude of the relic HFGWs, A ≈ 10-30, not the square, so that it would be necessary to accumulate such EM photons for only about 1000 seconds in order to achieve relic HFGW detection.

It utilizes a synchro-resonance EM beam  to create a very significant EM signal that propagates not in the direction of the synchro-resonance EM beam and the GW proportional to the amplitude of the GW squared, but perpendicular to both the magnetic field and the GW/EM beam directions.

It is a first-order perturbative photon flux (PPF), proportional to A, not A2."


Perturbative Photon Fluxes Generated by High-Frequency Gravitational Waves and Their Physical Effects

http://www.drrobertbaker.com/docs/Li-Baker%206-22-08.pdf (it includes the peer review data)


Signal Photon Flux and Background Noise in a Coupling Electromagnetic Detecting System for High Frequency Gravitational Waves

http://www.gravwave.com/docs/Li,%20et%20al.%20PRD%2009-9-09%20.pdf


A New Theoretical Technique for the Measurement of High-Frequency Relic Gravitational Waves

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253763726_A_New_Theoretical_Technique_for_the_Measurement_of_High-Frequency_Relic_Gravitational_Waves

http://www.gravwave.com/docs/J.%20of%20Mod.%20Phys%202011.pdf


Searching for high-frequency gravitational waves by ground high field magnetic resonant sweepings

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.06251.pdf


Ultra-High-Intensity Lasers for Gravitational Wave Generation and Detection

http://www.drrobertbaker.com/docs/AIP;%20HFGW%20Laser%20Generator.pdf


Why LIGO can’t detect HFGWs

http://www.gravwave.com/docs/Why%20LIGO%20can't%20detect%20HFGWs.pdf


Tesla used gravitational waves (telluric waves) to send signals/information without any cables/wires ("true wireless").

The Value Estimation of an HFGW Frequency Time Standard for Telecommunications Network Optimization

http://www.gravwave.com/docs/AIP;%20HFGW%20Telecommunications.pdf


The Utilization of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves for Global Communications

http://www.iiisci.org/Journal/CV$/sci/pdfs/HDM219WH.pdf


High-Frequency Gravitational Wave Induced Nuclear Fusion

http://www.gravwave.com/docs/AIP;%20HFGW%20Nuclear%20Fusion.pdf


http://www.gravwave.com/index_2.html

http://www.gravwave.com/chi_joint_project.htm


GASER: Gravitational-wave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

https://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0410/0410022.pdf


Can the Gertsenshtein-Zel'dovich effect be used for propulsion, as an alternative to the Biefeld-Brown effect? The answer is yes.


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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #633 on: August 12, 2019, 05:47:22 AM »
HIGH FREQUENCY GRAVITATIONAL WAVES PROPULSION: GRAVITON-PHOTON CONVERSION III

The Gertsenshtein-Zel'dovich can be used to create electron-positron pairs torsion fields (dextrorotatory subquarks-laevorotatory subquarks) out of the ether wave lattice. This torsion field will then act as a shield against the normal flow/propagation of ether waves (gravitational and electromagnetic), forming an invisible ball lightning sphere around the spacecraft.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US10144532B2/en

Craft using an inertial mass reduction device

https://patents.google.com/patent/US20180229864A1/en

High Frequency Gravitational Wave Generator

Dr. Salvatore Cezar Pais
Naval Air War Center Aircraft Division

Both patents are very well written and documented (rivalising with the best patents published by N. Tesla or by T. Townsend Brown).

https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJSPACESE.2015.075910

https://www.sae.org/publications/technical-papers/content/2017-01-2040/


http://www.drrobertbaker.com/docs/Aerospace%20HFGW%20Applications.pdf

http://vixra.org/pdf/1311.0132v3.pdf (Gravitational Wave Generator via Tokamak Physics)

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/86df/b1dcfc60351afdc698cf18c5bd0cc0a622fb.pdf?_ga=2.83449744.769033772.1565527538-1873684905.1565527538 (Gravitational Wave (GW) Radiation Pattern at the Focus of a High-Frequency GW (HFGW) Generator and Aerospace Applications)

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1801.02443.pdf (HFGW/laser plasma interaction)

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1307.6148.pdf (Electromagnetic and gravitational radiation from the coherent oscillation of electron-positron pairs and fields)

The nuclear fusion tokamak uses a similar design to create/produce electron-positron pairs from the ether wave structure which permeates all of space.

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1831695#msg1831695

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1832699#msg1832699

« Last Edit: August 12, 2019, 05:51:02 AM by sandokhan »

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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #634 on: August 13, 2019, 12:42:11 AM »
SUPERLUMINAL LORENTZ TRANSFORMATIONS

“The textbooks say nothing can travel faster than light, not even light itself. New experiments show that is no longer true, raising questions about the maximum speed at which we can send information.”

J. Marangos, Faster than a speeding photon

Therefore, when physicists are faced with clear and definite experiments which prove that light can reach superluminal speeds, they have to resort to alternative explanations: superluminal Lorentz transformations (since they have no knowledge of the original set of J.C. Maxwell equations which are invariant under Galilean transformations):

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2168036#msg2168036


Informational field and superluminal communication

https://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0306/0306073.pdf

On the basis of theoretical research on the superluminal communication problem, one can conclude that there are no basic restrictions that would prohibit him from producing the pulses of electromagnetic field with group velocity exceeding that of light in vacuum. On the other hand, it is evident from experimental research that by now the light barrier has been surmounted and the signal velocity achievable is limited only by the potentialities of experimental equipment.

The basis for the mechanism of superluminal communication considered in this work is the AharonovBohm effect indicative of the field of electromagnetic potentials as a real physical field, which directly influences the behaviour of electron waves.


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225456810_Is_Minkowski_Space-Time_Compatible_with_Quantum_Mechanics

The concept of Minkowski space-time is just an approximation which should be avoided in rigorous theoretical constructions.


Tunneling Times and Superluminality: a Tutorial

https://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/9811019.pdf

Experiments have shown that individual photons penetrate an optical tunnel barrier with an effective group velocity considerably greater than the vacuum speed of light. The experiments were conducted with a two-photon parametric down-conversion light source, which produced correlated, but random, emissions of photon pairs.


On the theoretical possibility of the electromagnetic scalar potential wave spreading with an arbitrary velocity in vacuum

http://cds.cern.ch/record/548235/files/0204062.pdf


On localized “X-shaped” Superluminal solutions to Maxwell equations

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.591.1319&rep=rep1&type=pdf


Superluminal waves and objects: an overview of the relevant experiments

http://inspirehep.net/record/844904/files/jpconf9_196_012020.pdf


Revisiting the Superluminal Lorentz Transformations and Their Group-Theoretical Properties

http://dinamico2.unibg.it/recami/erasmo%20docs/SomeOld/RevisitingSLTsLNC1982.pdf


Electrodynamics with the scalar field

http://swissenschaft.ch/tesla/content/T_Library/L_Theory/EM%20Field%20Research/ElectrodynamicsWithTheScalarField03.pdf


The introduction of Superluminal Lorentz transformations: A revisitation

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00738808

https://www.academia.edu/22015087/The_introduction_of_Superluminal_Lorentz_transformations_A_revisitation


Revisiting Barry Cox and James Hill's theory of superluminal motion: a possible solution to the problem of spinless tachyon localization

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspa.2014.0541

However, a clever analysis of Einstein's theory soon revealed that the theory rested upon a subtle assumption concerning clock synchronization, as explained in a book by Jammer. In his doctoral thesis at Stanford University, CA, USA (1959), Frank Robert Tangherlini created a theory which adopts a synchronization procedure different from SR, later re-examined by other authors. In spite of its deep significance, Tangherlini's theory is not widely known; even Jammer in his thorough essay ignored it.

The main consequence of Tangherlini's theory is the existence of a PRF which sets unambiguously the past and future of any inertial observer, forbidding any exchange of cause and effect. That is why kinematic objections to tachyons vanish in Tangherlini's theory, which I will subsequently call privileged relativity (PR).


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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #635 on: August 13, 2019, 03:57:04 AM »
GERTSENSHTEIN-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT: GRAVITON-PHOTON CONVERSION IV

The Gravity of Photons and the Necessary Rectification of Einstein Equation

http://www.ptep-online.com/2006/PP-04-08.PDF

It is pointed out that Special Relativity together with the principle of causality implies that the gravity of an electromagnetic wave is an accompanying gravitational wave propagating with the same speed. Since a gravitational wave carries energymomentum, this accompanying wave would make the energy-stress tensor of the light to be different from the electromagnetic energy-stress tensor, and thus can produce a geodesic equation for the photons. Moreover, it is found that the appropriate Einstein equation must additionally have the photonic energy-stress tensor with the antigravity coupling in the source term. This would correct that, in disagreement with the calculations for the bending of light, existing solutions of gravity for an electromagnetic wave, is unbounded. This rectification is confirmed by calculating the gravity of electromagnetic plane-waves. The gravity of an electromagnetic wave is indeed an accompanying gravitational wave.


Einstein’s Equivalence Principle and Invalidity of Thorne’s Theory for LIGO

http://www.ptep-online.com/2006/PP-05-02.PDF

The theoretical foundation of LIGO’s design is based on the equation of motion derived
by Thorne. His formula, motivated by Einstein’s theory of measurement, shows that
the gravitational wave-induced displacement of a mass with respect to an object is
proportional to the distance from the object. On the other hand, based on the observed
bending of light and Einstein’s equivalence principle, it is concluded that such induced
displacement has nothing to do with the distance from another object. It is shown that
the derivation of Thorne’s formula has invalid assumptions that make it inapplicable
to LIGO. This is a good counter example for those who claimed that Einstein’s equivalence principle is not important or even irrelevant.


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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #636 on: August 13, 2019, 06:36:45 AM »
INVALIDATION OF THE LINEARIZED/WEAK FIELD APPROXIMATION USED IN GENERAL RELATIVITY: A BOUNDED DYNAMIC SOLUTION REQUIRES THE PRESENCE OF AN ANTIGRAVITATIONAL COUPLING TERM

The Necessary Existence of Gravitational Waves and the Repulsive Gravitation

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/d92d/7f8b7771e0e3c4df0a25b712d7de2274ed59.pdf


Incompleteness of General Relativity, Einstein's Errors, and Related Experiments

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fc3d/acc6c279bbee452fd190067f1a50e0825414.pdf

General relativity is incomplete since it does not include the gravitational radiation reaction force and the interaction of gravitation with charged particles.  Moreover, there is no bounded dynamic solution for the Einstein equation. Note that the Einstein equation with an electromagnetic wave source has no valid solution unless a photonic energy-stress tensor with an anti-gravitational coupling is added. Thus, the photonic energy includes gravitational energy.

Historically, Einstein's confidence on his theory was based on that he obtained the remaining of the perihelion of Mercury from his equation. However, since the calculation of perihelion of Mercury is based on a perturbation approach to get the influence of other planets, Einstein must show that the perturbation approach is valid. Nevertheless, Gullstrand suspected that the Einstein equation does not have such a solution. Thus, Einstein was awarded a Nobel Prize for his photo-electric effects instead of general relativity as many theorists expected.


Errors of the Wheeler School, the Distortions to General Relativity and the Damage to Education in MIT Open Courses in Physics

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/432f/4c2f76f6ea7235981e9a0131973e9d0aabe2.pdf


https://www.scribd.com/document/159984022/On-the-Question-of-Dynamic-Solution-in-General-Relativity

The reason, as shown, is that bounded dynamic solutions actually do not exist. For the dynamic case, the non-linear Einstein equation and its linearization also cannot have compatible solutions.

The existence of a dynamic solution requires an additional gravitational energy-momentum tensor with an antigravity coupling.

The issue of dynamic solutions in general relativity existed from the beginning of this theory until currently. The question started with the calculation of the perihelion of Mercury. In 1915 Einstein obtained the expected value of the remaining perihelion with his theory, and thus was confident of its correctness. The subsequent confirmation of the bending of light, further boosted his confidence. However, unexpectedly the base of his confidence was questioned by Gullstrand, the Chairman of the Nobel Prize for Physics. The perihelion of Mercury is actually a many-body problem, but Einstein had not shown that his calculation could be derived from such a necessary step. Thus, Mathematician D. Hilbert, who approved Einstein's initial calculation, did not come to its defense.


The Errors in the Fields Medals, 1982 to S. T. Yau and 1990 to E. Witten

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e43d/4ca7c2c872d6cbe924ff0de77596670c7bc7.pdf


The Repulsive Gravitation and Errors of Einstein

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6057/f99c6fcb7ffdb7584749aeb345b97a7e8a79.pdf


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253111937_Compatibility_with_Einstein's_Notion_of_Weak_Gravity_Einstein's_Equivalence_Principle_and_the_Absence_of_Dynamic_Solutions_for_the_1915_Einstein_Equation


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328719305_The_Weight_Reduction_of_Charged_Capacitors_Charge-Mass_Interaction_and_Einstein's_Unification


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307855795_On_the_Test_of_Newton's_Inverse_Square_Law_and_Unification_of_Gravitation_and_Electromagnetism_--_the_questionable_accurate_gravitational_constant_of_J_Luo_--


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234454208_Einstein's_Radiation_Formula_and_Modifications_to_the_Einstein_Equation


THE NECESSITY OF UNIFYING GRAVITATION AND ELECTROMAGNETISM, MASS-CHARGE REPULSIVE EFFECTS, AND THE FIVE DIMENSIONAL THEORY

https://web.archive.org/web/20170809101844/http://www.cqfyl.com/20080220.pdf


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289230809_The_Question_of_Validity_of_the_Dynamic_Solutions''_Constructed_by_Christodoulou_and_Klainerman


The Question of Space-Time Singularities in General Relativity and Einstein's Errors

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f37e/0331ac59feb7e5101f98da743f419a2b1d90.pdf
 

The American Physical Society and Errors in Gravitation

https://globaljournals.org/GJSFR_Volume17/3-The-American-Physical-Society.pdf


Comments on “Unification of Gravity and Electromagnetism by Mohammed A. El-Lakany” & Einstein’s Unification

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2530/bb8b8a98bba6feabeec908051bbb03e1d404.pdf


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/252591908_Radiation_reaction_force_and_unification_of_electromagnetic_and_gravitational_fields


The non-locality of the gravitational wave reflects that the Einstein equation misses a term, the energy-momentum tensor with the anti-gravity coupling.  This missing term is
also the reason that the Einstein equation does not have any dynamic solution.

Dr. C.Y. Lo
PhD Mathematics, Queen's University
PhD Physics, MIT




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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #637 on: August 14, 2019, 01:16:44 AM »
SUPERLUMINAL SPEED OF THE ANTIGRAVITATIONAL TORSION FIELD

The speed of gravity revisited

https://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/9910/9910050.pdf

Using the Heaviside-Lorentz equations as a guide, the authors prove that the speed of gravity cannot be superluminal.

Even O. Heaviside proved as much in 1893:

http://sergf.ru/Heavisid.htm

However, this fact causes a huge problem for physicists since there is multiple astrophysical data which proves that the speed of gravity must be superluminal:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1943468#msg1943468 (four consecutive messages)

The reduction in weight of a capacitor (Biefeld-Brown effect), or of a granite block subjected to acoustic levitation, occurs only when the electron-positron pairs will form an invisibile superluminal tornado/torsion field around the object itself, that is when the antigravitational effect start to appear.

We have to go back to Planck's third quantum theory to infer the existence of the ether lattice (zero point energy).

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226789463_Physics_of_the_Zero-Point_Field_Implications_for_Inertia_Gravitation_and_Mass

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/13386630_Gravity_as_a_zero-point-fluctuation_force

In a letter of 1915 to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes in Leiden Planck wrote: “I have almost completed an improved formulation of the quantum hypothesis applied to thermal radiation. I am more convinced than ever that zero-point energy is an indispensable element. Indeed, I believe I have the strongest evidence for it."

Preludes to dark energy: Zero-point energy and vacuum speculations

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1111/1111.4623.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271856987_The_ether_theory_as_implying_that_electromagnetism_is_the_Newtonian_approximation_of_general_relativity

http://www.calphysics.org/articles/zpf_apj.pdf


Reviewing the Zero Point Energy

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/34a3/c4118bfa21884103ea81788bd6c5a248ee27.pdf


Ball lightning (the electron-positron torsion field) cannot be explained using either the most sophisticated forms of GR or the Heaviside-Lorentz equations.

Ball lightning travels independently of the atmosphere. It can pass through windows, a 2-ft thick wall, or airplane fuselages with ease.

A Conjecture Concerning Ball Lightning

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1609/1609.04238.pdf

A ball lightning is a port connecting our overt space to a covert space with similar but not identical properties.

P.A. Sturrock, Stanford University

http://lib.iszf.irk.ru/The%20Atmosphere%20and%20Ionosphere.%20Dynamics,%20Processes&%20Monitoring%20(Bychkov%20V.L.,%20et%20al.%20-%202010)/chapter6.pdf


Ball lightning acts as a portal between the invisible ether lattice and the atmosphere. Since the speed of gravity is thought to be the same as that of light (based on the Heaviside-Lorentz equations), it follows from the Biefeld-Brown experiments and the acoustic levitation of granite blocks that the speed of the antigravitational torsion field must be superluminal.

What, then, causes this superluminal speed of the electron-positron (D-subquarks and L-subquarks) torsion field?

« Last Edit: August 14, 2019, 01:18:38 AM by sandokhan »

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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #638 on: August 15, 2019, 01:48:17 AM »
SUPERLUMINAL RIEMANN ZETA FUNCTION SOUND WAVES: STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE

Quantum physics cannot explain the strong nuclear force at all (the Yukawa pion exchange proposal).

http://physicsdetective.com/the-nuclear-disaster/

http://physicsdetective.com/the-nuclear-force/

http://thestrongforce.canalblog.com/

What binding force, then, holds the atomic nuclei together?

Ether physicists cannot explain the etheric strong nuclear force either, ever since it was first described in the Occult Chemistry classic treatise.

http://www.subtleenergies.com/ormus/oc/chaptr01.htm

"A sphere-wall is a temporary effect, caused by one or more Anu in rotation. Just as a stream of air under pressure will make a hole on the surface of water, by pushing back that water, so is it with the groups. As they revolve, the force of their motion drives back the circumambient medium. That medium thus driven back by the atom element as it moves round its axis is the space around it which is filled with millions of loose Anu.

Two Anu, positive and negative, brought near to each other, attract each other, and then commence to revolve round each other, forming a relatively stable duality; such a molecule is neutral. Combinations of three or more Anu are positive, negative or neutral, according to the internal molecular arrangement; the neutral are relatively stable, the positive and negative are continually in search of their respective opposites, with a view to establishing a relatively permanent union.

Speaking generally, positive groups are marked by the points of Anu being turned outward and negative groups by the points being turned inward towards each other and the centre of the group.

The groups show all kinds of possible combinations; the combinations spin, turn head over heels, and gyrate in endless ways. Each aggregation is surrounded with an apparent cell-wall, a circle or oval, due to the pressure on the surrounding matter caused by its whirling motion. The surrounding fields strike on each other and the groups and rebound, dart hither and thither, for reasons we have not distinguished."



The distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function is related to the model of the energy levels in a heavy nucleus.

https://www.ias.edu/ideas/2013/primes-random-matrices

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1505.07481.pdf

Riemann zeta function model of the boson:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2006301#msg2006301

These Riemann zeta function sound waves rotate at the speed of light in normal matter, and achieve superluminal speeds manifested in certain phenomena: biochirality (plants, animals, humans; antigravitational effects) and ball lightning.

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1885655#msg1885655

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1774536#msg1774536

The boson strings inside a subquark are kept in rotation by the same kind of mechanism, as are the various kinds of subquark geometries (quarks, mesons, baryons) and the ether drift field itself which rotates above the Earth.

The invisible Riemann zeta function sound waves are the strong nuclear force.

Ball lightning is due to scalar electromagnetic interferometry which can produce a controlled pattern of electromagnetic energy at a distance.

The energy sphere created by the Whittaker scalar waves will attract the telluric currents (longitudinal subquark waves) which will be diverted from their usual path to eventually form a self-sustaining oscillation in the form of a ball lightning object.

Whittaker scalar waves superpotentials and ball lightning:

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1308/1308.3932.pdf

Superluminal Whittaker waves:

https://www.hrastovic-inzenjering.hr/primjena-energije/energetski-clanci/alternativne-tehnologije/item/1110-nikola-tesla-death-ray.html (Soviet scalar weapon section)

« Last Edit: August 15, 2019, 01:55:21 AM by sandokhan »

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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #639 on: August 16, 2019, 01:51:16 AM »
KALUZA-WEYL SPACE/AETHER DRAINHOLE PARTICLES

Dr. H.G. Ellis introduced the concept of the ETHER DRAINHOLE for the first time in 1969 (see also the wikipedia pages for the "Ellis drainhole" and the "Ellis wormhole").

Ether flow through a drainhole: A particle model in general relativity
Journal of Mathematical Physics. 14: 104–118

http://euclid.colorado.edu/~ellis/RelativityPapers/EtFlThDrPaMoGeRe.pdf

Since the derivation of the field equations was very rigorous, the reviewers had no choice but to accept the publication, in a mainstream journal, of the concept of an ether drainhole.

Dr. H.G. Ellis peer-reviewed papers:

http://euclid.colorado.edu/~ellis/


Dr. Ellis also merged Weyl's affine connection with Kaluza's five-dimensional theory:

SPACE-TIME--TIME: FIVE-DIMENSIONAL KALUZA–WEYL SPACE

https://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0107023.pdf

The result is a natural hybrid of the Kaluza and the Weyl geometries that retains and enhances the most useful characters of its parents while attenuating to benign and useful form those that have caused difficulty. Most notably, it retains both Kaluza’s extra dimension and Weyl’s association of metrical with electromagnetic gauge changes. Also, it converts the objectionable nonintegrability of length transference in the Weyl geometry to integrability without sacrificing the principle that length, because it is a comparative measure, depends on selection of a scale at each point, that is, on choice of a gauge. In the process it lends to the fifth dimension an essential significance that the Kaluza geometry fails to provide. This significance arises from a geometrical construction that compels interpretation of the fifth dimension as a secondary temporal dimension, in contrast to its more usual interpretation as a spatial dimension whose unobservability has to be excused.

The coordinate transformations that generate the electromagnetic and the metrical gauge transformations, being coordinate transformations, do not alter the metric of spacetime--time. This is a principal advantage that the space-time--time geometry has over the Weyl geometry. Weyl, working without the aid of a fifth dimension, impressed his infinitude of conformally related space-time metrics onto one four-dimensional manifold. That is very much like drawing all the maps of the world on a single sheet of paper, a practice that would conserve paper but confound navigators. In effect, the space-time--time geometry economizes on paper but avoids the confusion of maps on maps, by drawing a selection of the maps on individual sheets, then stacking the sheets so that each of the remaining maps can be generated on command by slicing through the stack in a particular way. The Kaluza–Klein geometry does much the same, but the cylinder condition restricts its stack to multiple copies of a single map, with no new maps producible by slicing.


Einstein’s Real “Biggest Blunder”

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1205.5552.pdf

What has gone unrecognized for almost a century is that already in 1916 Einstein had made a real blunder by failing to distinguish between the entirely different concepts of active gravitational mass and passive gravitational mass. That he confused the two becomes clear upon a careful reading of §16 of his paper Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitatstheorie, in which he sought to extend his tensorial field equations for empty space to the case in which space is permeated by a continuous distribution of gravitating matter.


COSMOLOGY WITHOUT EINSTEIN’S ASSUMPTION THAT INERTIAL MASS PRODUCES GRAVITY

https://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0701012.pdf

Giving up Einstein’s assumption, implicit in his 1916 field equations, that inertial mass, even in its appearance as energy, is equivalent to active gravitational mass and therefore is a source of gravity allows revising the field equations to a form in which a positive cosmological constant is seen to (mis)represent a uniform negative net mass density of gravitationally attractive and gravitationally repulsive matter. Field equations with both positive and negative active gravitational mass densities of both primordial and continuously created matter incorporated, along with two scalar fields to ‘relax the constraints’ on the space-time geometry, yield cosmological solutions.


SPACE-TIME--TIME

https://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0205029.pdf


Quantum effects from a purely geometrical relativity theory

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/24/1/026/pdf


Cosmic acceleration, inflation, dark matter, and dark ‘energy’ in one neat package

http://euclid.colorado.edu/~ellis/RelativityPapers/CoAcInDaMaDaEnOnNePa.prd.alt.pdf

In creating his gravitational field equations Einstein unjustifiedly assumed that inertial mass, even in its equivalent form as energy, is a source of gravity. Denying this assumption allows modifying the field equations to a form in which a positive cosmological constant appears as a uniform density of gravitationally repulsive matter. Field equations with both positive and negative active gravitational mass densities incorporated along with a scalar field coupled to geometry with nostandard polarity yield cosmological solutions.


Cosmic inflation, deceleration, acceleration, dark matter, and dark ‘energy’ in one coherent package

http://euclid.colorado.edu/~ellis/RelativityPapers/CoInDeAcDaMaDaEnOnCoPa.rev2011.pdf


What Causes the Electron to Weigh?

http://library.uc.edu.kh/userfiles/pdf/42.What%20is%20the%20electron.pdf (pgs 136-161 of the pdf document, pgs 129-154 of the treatise)


Three Logical Proofs: The Five-Dimensional Reality of Space-Time

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ee33/5fbf33ba621e189fc5452ba4438f85fdabfa.pdf


http://www.subtleenergies.com/ormus/oc/chaptr01.htm

In this ultimate state of physical matter two types of units, or Anu, have been observed; they are alike in everything save the direction of their whorls and of the force which pours through them. In the one case force pours in from the "outside," from fourth-dimensional space, the Astral plane, and passing through the Anu, pours into the physical world. In the second, it pours in from the physical world, and out through the Anu into the "outside" again, i.e., vanishes from the physical world. The one is like a spring, from which water bubbles out; the other is like a hole, into which water disappears.



The dextrorotatory subquark (gravitational) and the laevorotatory subquark (electromagnetic).


https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2037796#msg2037796 (the sealed plastic bottle brought down from an altitude of 4,300 m to sea-level: an exemplification of the aether drainhole theory which causes the plastic bottle to implode)


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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #640 on: August 20, 2019, 09:51:45 AM »
INVALIDATION OF THE LINEARIZED/WEAK FIELD APPROXIMATION USED IN GENERAL RELATIVITY: A BOUNDED DYNAMIC SOLUTION REQUIRES THE PRESENCE OF AN ANTIGRAVITATIONAL COUPLING TERM II













On the question of a dynamic solution in general relativity

https://www.tsijournals.com/articles/magnetoacoustic-resonance-modes-in-coler-type-apparatus.pdf


Linearization of the Einstein Equation and The 1993 Press Release of the Nobel Prize in Physics

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/28d8/db055f7258cd6151cde8964ca573e27e287b.pdf


The Gravitational Wave and Einstein Equation

https://cirworld.com/index.php/jap/article/view/354


https://www.scribd.com/document/122817396/Errors-of-Wald-on-General-Relativity

Dr. C.Y. Lo


A paper by T. Levi-Civita in 1917, one of the inventors of Tensor Calculus, showing that Einstein's pseudo-tensor is nonsense because it leads to the requirement for a first-order, intrinsic, differential invariant, which, as is well known to the pure mathematicians, does not exist:

http://web.archive.org/web/20090902090420/http://www.sjcrothers.plasmaresources.com/Levi-Civita.pdf


The anti-gravitational coupling term for the Biefeld-Brown effect was derived for the first time by H. Weyl in 1917:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2177793#msg2177793

http://www.jp-petit.org/papers/cosmo/1917-Weyl-en.pdf


KHARUK-PASTON-SHEYKIN-OBUKHOV-PONOMAREV-KRECHET UFT: UNIFICATION OF THE GRAVITATIONAL AND ELECTROMAGNETIC POTENTIALS

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg2192962#msg2192962



https://www.academia.edu/16201568/Finishing_Einstein_Point_by_Point_The_unification_of_quantum_and_relativity
 
"For his part, Einstein envisioned the four dimensional space-time continuum of our world as a unified field out of which both gravity and electromagnetism emerged. He further hoped that the quantum would emerge as an over-restriction of field conditions. His worldview was that of a purely three dimensional brain logical external world. He seemed unable to completely break loose from his positivistic semi-Newtonian beliefs and perspective. However, from the perspective of the non-Newtonian fourth spatial dimension (or a five-dimensional space-time), the four dimensional expanse of space is filled with a single field of potential that is the precursor to everything that exists in three dimensional space – gravity, electricity, magnetism, matter, quantum, life, mind and even consciousness. These physical ‘things’ are just different aspects of field interactions (single field density patterns or complexes) modified by the physical constants that describe the physical nature of the single field."









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sandokhan

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Re: Advanced Flat Earth Theory
« Reply #641 on: September 12, 2019, 06:41:41 AM »
PROJEKT KRONOS II: ANTI-TIME RESEARCH

Time has a rate of flow.

Time = terrestrial gravity = the effect of the dextrorotatory subquarks on matter

Anti-time = antigravitational force

The greatest expert on the flow of time was Dr. Nikolai Kozyrev:

https://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=30499.msg1922302#msg1922302

In order to REVERSE the effects of time, matter needs to be subjected to anti-time, that is, to double torsion physics.

That is why the Kronos Projekt was awarded the priority classification "Kriegsentscheidend"  the highest known category of secrecy and funding priority known in the Third Reich, everything else (including the UFOs projects) was secondary.


Mainstream science has begun, recently, the study of reversing the effects of time, in the context of spacetime relativity:

https://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0701084.pdf


Russian research on the reversal of time:

http://www.free-energy-devices.com/Issue12.pdf


A.D. Sakharov's memorable article on the relationship between vacuum quantum fluctuations and the theory of gravitation:

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.732.841&rep=rep1&type=pdf


The reversal of time flow currently anticipated is on the order of fractions of a second.

But that is not what the Vril Society of Germany was after.

They wanted to reverse the flow of time for a single subject by hours, days, weeks, months and even years, using double torsion technology.