Cosmas Indicopleustes' The Christian Topography

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Lord Wilmore

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Cosmas Indicopleustes' The Christian Topography
« on: April 01, 2010, 01:49:23 PM »
Although not a Zetetic work, this is still an interesting book about early Flat Earth Theory which I've noticed doesn't appear to have been linked to here in the Repository:


http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/#Cosmas_Indicopleustes

http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/ct/index.htm


In addition to these online versions, you can also order this from Amazon and the Book Depository. However, it should be noted that many of the versions they sell only have an English preface; the rest is in the original Greek, something I discovered only when my copy arrived! There appears to be only one English translation doing the works, which is by J.W. McCrindle, and though it does appear to be out there, it's tough to find.
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 08:37:05 PM by Lord Wilmore »
"I want truth for truth's sake, not for the applaud or approval of men. I would not reject truth because it is unpopular, nor accept error because it is popular. I should rather be right and stand alone than run with the multitude and be wrong." - C.S. DeFord

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17 November

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Re: Cosmas Indicopleustes' The Christian Topography
« Reply #1 on: April 01, 2010, 08:43:46 PM »
Illustrations from manuscripts of Cosmas's 'Christian Topography':

World Map
http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/EMwebpages/202.html

Cosmos in the Shape of the Old Testament Tabernacle of Moses
http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/EMwebpages/202C.html

Incidentally, the world map link above is a photocopy of that particular page of Cosmas Indicopleustes's 'Christian Topography' in the ninth century manuscript book which is on display at the visitor's museum of the Saint Catherine's Monastery in Sinai, Egypt where Cosmas was a monk after extensively travelling the world as a merchant mariner in young age.  I saw this book myself when I visited that monastery in 2004 and have photographs of it.  
http://www.sinaimonastery.com/en/index.php?lid=4

After an exhaustive study of the archives of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, the archeologist Eugenio Alliata concluded in his definitive book on the Madaba map that the sixth century Christian mosaic map of the world on the floor of the Church of Saint George in Madaba, Jordan was designed and commissioned by Cosmas Indicopleustes.  The Madaba Map Website consists of merely one chapter of Alliata's book on the Madaba map which includes the oldest known extant map of Jerusalem in the world.  Alliata gives evidence from Emperor Justinian's (reigned 527 to 565) sermons at the Fifth Oecumenical Synod that this Christian Roman emperor of the same time of Cosmas was also an ardent flat earth believer:
http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/mad/index.html

EDIT:

According to Alliata, the sources of the Orthodox Christian Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Cosmas Indicopleustes also commisioned another mosaic world map on the floor of a sixth century Church in Gaza in south Palestine.
« Last Edit: April 04, 2010, 06:29:57 PM by 17 November »

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17 November

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Re: Cosmas Indicopleustes' The Christian Topography
« Reply #2 on: February 03, 2011, 03:22:19 PM »
HEAVEN AND EARTH ACCORDING TO THE WORLD MAP OF COSMAS INDICOPLEUSTES



The inlet at the left is the Mediterranean Sea.  The peninsula flanked by two inlets to the bottom right is India.
Note the revolution of the sun around the mountains of the north at a greater elevation than that of the moon. 
Cosmas knew of the large islands later known as north and south america which existed on the other side of the mountain and explitcitly mentioned their existence in the 'Christian Topography.'

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17 November

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Re: Cosmas Indicopleustes' The Christian Topography
« Reply #3 on: November 09, 2011, 09:56:40 PM »


This is a seventh century ikon from the monastery of the Burning Bush
(Saint Katherine's Monastery) in Sinai Egypt which is the same monastery at which Cosmas Indicopleustes had been a monk during the previous century


An ikon of Jesus Christ (which we know because of the Cross in His halo) sitting upon the heavens as His throne with the earth as His footstool.  Significant as an ancient Christian depiction of Jesus Christ as an Old Man or Ancient of Days (of Chapter 7 of the Book of Daniel) in accordance with early Christian tradition in which ikons of God the Father do not exist because the Father never took human form as did the Logos. 

In this ikon, Lord Jesus's feet rest upon a domed object which is a mountain since the flatness of the earth is indicated by the horizon which is a flat horizontal line visible at His lower ankles.  The domed nature of the heavens is indicated by the curvature of the rainbow upon which He sits.

"Thus saith the Lord, 'The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool.'"
- Isaiah 66: 1